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Tunings for Musical Instruments

Autoharp: The standard chromatic autoharp is F for the lowest note to C for highest note

Bajo Sexto
Traditional tuning (E-A-D-G-C-F)
Standard guitar tuning, but an octave down (E-A-D-G-B-E)
Balalaika: A-E-E
4 - String Tenor 19 fret: C-G-D-A (4 - String Irish Tenort: G-D-A-E)
4 - Plectrum 22 fret: C-G-B-D (D-G-B-E optional guitar tuning)
5 - Bluegrass 22 fret: G-D-G-B-D
5 - Longneck 25 fret: E-A-E-G#-B

4 - string AC/Elec: E-A-D-G
5 - string Elec: B-E-A-D-G
6 - string Elec: B-E-A-D-G-C

Chikuzen Biwa (modern 4 string) B-e-f#-b
5 String C-G-C (same as 1st), d & g (5th down from 2nd string G)
Nishiki Biwa (Modern 5 string) C-G-c-g-g

Bouzouki: G-D-A-E
Cello: C-G-D-A

Common D-G-B-D ......Portuguese D-A-B-E......others: G-G-B-D and A-A-C#-E.
Double Bass (Upright): E-A-D-G

C Ionian Maj
C Mixolydian Maj
Cm Aeolian minor
Cm Dorian minor

Merlin Dulcimer D-A-D, C-G-C

Dobro, Slide Guitar or Lapsteel: G-B-D-G-B-D

Note: There are many Alterante tunings (especially for Guitar)
We have tried to list just the common tunings for most musical Instruments.




"If you play music with passion and love and honesty, then it will nourish your soul, heal your wounds and make your life worth living. Music is it's own reward."


Guitar AC/Elec.
Standard: E-A-D-G-B-E
Drop D: D-A-D-G-B-E
D modal tuning or Celtic tuning: D-A-D-G-A-D
Low C: C-F-B♭-E♭-G-C
Open A: E-A-C♯-E-A-E
Open B: B-F♯-B-F♯-B-D♯
Open C: C-G-C-G-C-E
Open D:: D-A-D-F♯-A-D
Open E: E-B-E-G♯-B-E
Open F: F-A-C-F-C-F
Open G: D-G-D-G-B-D
Nashville: 1st two strings E-B normally. Then G-D-A- Low E tuned an octave higher.
This tuning usually requires using lighter guage strings.
Recommended for Acoustic: .010 .014 .010 .012 .018w .027w & Electric: .010 .014 .009 .012 .018p .026w

Open G Keith Richards Tuning x,G,D,G,B,D


7 - string guitar: Low B-E-A-D-G-B-E

Baritone Guitar: B-E-A-D-F#-B (common), C-F-Bb-Eb-G-C, A-E-A-D-F#-B, C-G-C-G-C-E (open C)
Russian Open G: D-G-B-D-G-B-D

  1/2 size guitar:  A-D-G-C-E-A ..or G-C-F-Bb-D-C   or  G-D-G-B-D-G (Open G Tuning)
  1/4 size guitar: A-D-G-C-E-A    


In general a harp's C strings are color-coded red, and its F strings, black or blue.
diatonic scale (most common): C D E F G A B C
chromatic scale (for crossed string harps): C C# D D# E F F# G G# A A# B C

26 string Celtic Harp (starting with 1st string): GFEDCBAGFEDCBAGFED-midC-BAGFEDC
31 String Floor Harp (starting with 1st string): AGFEDCBAGFEDCBAGFED-midC-BAGFEDCBAGF
36 String Paraguayan Harp: Bb-AGFEDC-Bb-AGFEDC-Bb-AGFED-midC-Bb-AGFEDC-Bb-AGFEDC-Bb
Hawaiian Guitar: E-A-E-A-C#-E

Tuning String Tuned Same
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
Hira Joshi D G A A# D D# G A A# D D# G A 1=5 in classical
Kokin Joshi D G A C D D# G A C D D# G A 1=5 and 2=7
Kumoi Joshi D G G# C D D# G G# C D D# G A all ascending
Gaku Joshi D G A C D E G A C D E G A 1=5 in classical

Mandolin: G-D-A-E

Mandola: C-G-D-A

Mandocello: C-G-D-A
Pipa: A-D-E-A
Setar & Saz: C-B-B-C or C-G-G-C

Shamisen: Honchoshi - "base tuning": D-G-D
Ni agari -"raised 2nd": D-A-D
San sagari-"lowered 3rd": D-G-C

Tenor Guitar: C-G-D-A Irish: G-D-A-E Also: ADGB
Soprano: G-C-E-A
Tenor: G-C-E-A
Baritone: D-G-B-E
Violin: G-D-A-E
Viola: C-G-D-A

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